You would think that energy efficiency is relatively simple: perform an energy audit, install the retrofits and then reap the energy savings. Unfortunately, it doesn”t always work that way. We performed an energy assessment of several stores of a major retail chain in the San Francisco Bay Area and identified a handful of low-cost retro-commissioning measures that had very promising potential. We quantified the expected savings and costs and returned after the project was installed. We then measured the savings using various methods and found either minimal or negative savings. The problem we discovered was that on nearly every measure, the contractors had repaired the hardware, but through various means had ensured that energy savings would not occur. This paper provides an account of the failed project at one store and the steps we took to remedy it. Specifically, this paper stresses the importance of Measurement and Verification and Commissioning of the retrofits.
DESCRIPTION OF THE BUILDING
The store, located in San Francisco, belongs to a well-known national retailer, whose name we will not divulge. The store is an aggregate of 3 buildings which have been joined together to comprise almost 1,000,000 square feet, of which over half is selling floor. Stock rooms and offices comprise the remainder of the space. The different buildings range between 8 and 11 stories tall.
The three buildings comprising the store were built at different times from the 1920s to the 1980s. Originally the buildings had different air handling, chilled water and hot water systems. Over the years, through energy conservation and facility improvement measures, the chilled water systems have been merged into one system.
Digital flat irons are more efficient than ordinary flat irons. While considering the case of digital flat irons, people prefer ceramic flat irons. The popularity behind this tool is that they are light in weight. Another reason is their quick heating up. It doesn’t make any damage to hair. By the use of this tool people can attain straight and shiny hair. The main advantage of this tool is that it is produced heat make less damage to hair than steam and ordinary flat irons. It is a combination of ceramic technology and tourmaline technology which is based on the far infra red heat.
Flat irons help to achieve a stylish and fashionable look. You must need to find the suitable straightener for your hair type. It is much better to purchase a hair dryer along with the flat iron. Superb quality ceramic plates are used in best flat irons. This is to avoid the damage of hair follicles and strands. By the use of this plate we can ensure the even heating across the surface. This prevents damage due to over heating. Thus the ceramic flat irons are the most popular straightener in the world.
While selecting a flat iron, its size is very important. You must take care while choosing the width of the plate. Some plates are not suitable for some hair type or some hair type need special type of plates. For example coarse hair type needs additional plate width. One thing you have to taken in to consideration is that larger plates results in more uniform and consistent straightening of the hair. Attachments of different sized plates are available in the market. Women who want different styles can buy this attachment for making different hair styles.
Before purchasing you have to conduct a detailed study about the hair styling tool which you want to buy. The tool you wish to select should suit your every day needs. After the purchasing of your straightening tool you should read the features written on the packet which contained the tool, so that you will get an idea of capability of your equipment.
Different companies manufacturing the ceramic flat plate iron. So every company has their own varieties. And also they have different brand names and price tags. Modern flat irons provide different task features with the same flat iron. You can buy the flat irons suited to your style. The size of ceramic flat iron varies with the type of hair. Many women get tired of the same old look and if you are one of them you might want to get a more versatile flat iron. Once you learned the straightening method you can easily style your hair and you will find that all of your bad hair days” are a thing of the past.
Wood tiles are ceramic or porcelain tiles. They are made to look as much as a real hardwood floor. They are particularly noted for different taste and stunning room decoration. So these tiles are highly appreciated for the same. People choose them for their wood-like look that leaves an impression of living in the wilderness – they are so real. Interceramic colonial Wood Series can help you out in finding the most desired and lovable tile collections to decorate your room with a rustic setting.
Implying a wood-flooring idea is great that requires you the nature like, real and beautiful wood-floor. Today’s technologies are so advanced that they can present perfect look as real hardwood along with some more advantages. These wood grain tile have the very same textures as those of real woods. Once, I experienced about a family who did not use tiles for their floor. But having various problems with real wood-floor, they decided to change their decision.
To fulfill your requirements wood-looking tiles are offered with some variety of color in some different species. Choosing the way of making the floor the most beautiful looking sometimes appears as a challenge depending on its distinctive characteristics. To make you feel comfort and help you decide comes the Interceramic Colonial Series.
Cleaning ash is both messy and dangerous. Naturally, homeowners might think of using a regular vacuum as a solution, but that would be a big mistake. Regular vacuums aren’t suited for this particular task and for some very good reasons.
The first and most obvious reflects the danger involved. Hot sparks and embers can endure for a long time while hidden in cool dust. When regular vacuums inhale them, paper filters catch fire and plastic melts. This is not a good thing.
Another reason is due to lack of containment. Particles pass easily through regular filters. An excess of fine dust leaves that lingering ashtray smell in the air and gray film on furniture, causing users to gag and experience that sticky icky feeling. Homeowners spend time and money cleaning their homes afterward. That’s too much aggravation.
When choosing a sink faucet there is two primary designs to choose from. They are a ball faucet and a ceramic disc cartridge. A ball faucet has a rounded ball shaped Right above the base of the faucet which allows it to move in a spherical direction. A cartridge faucet utilizes a more direct (and up-and-down movement to determine temperature and water flow. While they both may look similar, it is easy to tell the difference once you use the faucet. When comparing the two options there are four distinct benefits of selecting a ceramic disc cartridge faucet over a ball faucet.
The first aspect which makes a disk faucet so appealing is its functional lifespan. The discs in the faucet cartridge are made of ceramic which provides a long lifespan because they are not a part that will suffer from normal wear and tear. If anything fails in the cartridge it will be the small rubber inlet seals on the bottom. They may also become clogged with mineral deposits from the water. Fortunately, they are easily replaced and cleaned. In theory, the ceramic discs can last a lifetime, however they normally need to be replaced every 25 to 30 years. This is a significantly longer lifespan when compared to the ball faucet which typically has a lifespan of 3 to 5 years at most.
Another benefit of a disc cartridge is it provides greater protection for the water valve. Due to the design, water flows between the two ceramic disc seats rather than a rubber seal and water valve. As a result, the valve on the faucet is better protected. Better protection means a lower likelihood of corrosion or wearing out from daily use.
You may have seen the latest bathroom trends in smart interior design magazines. Wet room showers are hot right now, because they open up the visual appearance of the bathroom, making it look more spacious, attractive and modern. So are ADA-accessible showers, which are not only user friendly but also add to the resale value of your home should you decide to sell it in the future. The style of your bathroom in based on what goes into the foundation, and one of the key aspects of any bathroom is how the drainage of water will occur. Many homeowners, after looking at the options, pick a linear drain for their shower because it not only looks great, but it works well in this heavy-use area of the home.
A linear drain refers to its shape, which is a long and thin rectangle. This type of trench shower drain is in sharp contrast to the traditional round drain that you see in the center of many shower stalls. Whereas you are pretty much stuck with a center-placed drain if you use a round drain in your shower, those limitations are removed with the shower trough drain. While a round drain also requires a round slope to be created in the floor of the shower in order to get the water to the drain, you only need a single slope to make a trench shower drain function properly. Because there is less time involved by your construction crew to create one slope rather than multiple ones for a round drain in the shower floor, an additional benefit from the trench shower drain is that it costs less to install.
Another aesthetic benefit that comes from using trench drain systems is that you have more choice in the type of tiles or stones that you use in the shower stall. Because of the single slope in the floor, you can use larger pieces of tile or stone with a trench shower drain than you can with a round one.
The Babyliss Pro line consists of a broad array of professional hair care products, including a line of hair curling irons under the name of Ceramic Tools.
The Babyliss Pro Ceramic Tools Spring Iron line features five curling iron models. The irons are the same in their construction and features, but they differ in the diameter of the barrel. They are available in 5/8″, 3/4″, 1″, 1 1/4″ & 1-“. The irons use ceramic technology to heat the hair safely and deliver results that make heads turn. Ceramic barrels heat faster and more evenly, so there is less of a chance for “hot spots” or areas of the hair that can get overly heated, damaging the hair and eventually resulting in breakage. Since overly heated hair means damaged hair, ceramic curling irons help to make the hair look and feel healthier over time. They will also give the immediate results of smoother, shinier hair. Babyliss Ceramic Tools Irons have 25 heat settings for ultimate versatility. Those with course hair or hair that does not hold a curl well will benefit from the highest setting of 400F. For finer or damaged hair, the iron can be set to lower settings. Whatever the hair type or condition, there is a Babyliss Ceramic Tools Curling Iron made to create stunning curls and waves.
It is an accepted fact that heat styling on a regular basis leads to damaged hair that breaks easily and can look brittle and in need of some serious repair. The best way to prevent heat damage is to use a heat protectant styling cream or spray, and to use ceramic styling tools such as Babyliss Ceramic Tools curl irons. Babyliss has been a trusted professional hair care brand for over fifty years and will continue to be recognized as a world leader in hair styling tools.